The “fourth industrial revolution” based on information has long been predicted. Now the basis of this platform is finally realized. The long-promised benefits of cyber-physical industrial systems are before our eyes.
2019 will be remembered for the Internet of Things (IoT) as the year when the real mobile connection finally began. Currently, less than a week has passed since the announcement of the launch of the new 4G NB-IoT / LTE-M network. Still, the future of the industry is competing for fifth-generation wireless technology (5G).
5G lightning speed promises almost noticeable delay (or communication response time) and massively increased capacity. All four major U.S. carriers have green light test networks and partial applications in some cities.
The benefits of connecting the physical world to digital technology are probably being discussed for a generation. Many industries can use intelligence gathered from related systems to get critical feedback on improvements that will make a real difference in operations and profitability. While 4G is already making dramatic improvements for industries around the world, it is 5G that is making the most noise.
Information Alone Is Not Enough
Jani Vilenius, Sandvik’s director of research and technology, says data already drives industry around the world: “Everyone is already collecting and using data to some degree. However, an advanced connection is required to actually use the data and add business value. “As we add more Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning and voice / image recognition to everyday systems, bandwidth requirements mean that 5G is inevitable to take advantage of new capabilities.”
Industry 4.0 was supposed to provide these benefits, but so far one important element has been missing. A truly flexible communication infrastructure is needed to make the idea of a collaborative, adaptable, real-time industrial digital system a reality.
Except Eor The Increasing Improvement
You may be forgiven for thinking that the transition from 4G to 5G is all about increasing speeds with less need for all the hype. After all, today’s 4G / LTE (Long Term Evolution) communication architecture connects about 3 billion mobile devices.
But in fact, the difference between 4G and 5G is not like comparing one iPhone model with another, but more like comparing a horse and cart with an electric race car.
Yes, 3G and 4G technologies are basically the same as smartphones. This is because the systems are designed for voice and mobile data, respectively. While it’s true that 5G’s dramatic speed gains mean more than high-quality streaming and lightning-fast downloads, the fact that it’s made from scratch for data connectivity will change the game.
Faster connectivity and less latency will unlock operational benefits in every industry on the planet. So far, this has only been discussed, but now the benefits of this operation with test systems are becoming clear.
Taking The Connected Factory To The Next Level
In a market that depends on information-intensive machine applications, 5G speeds and lower latency times are required to make efficient use of autonomous robotics, wearable devices, and virtual reality.
Unlike previous leaps in technology levels in the industry, 5G will not fundamentally redesign the production line. But what it will do is offer producers the opportunity to build smart factories that can adapt to changing market conditions.
The growing capabilities of smart devices and the factories that manufacture them will not only affect competition in a particular industry. As competition shifts from product-based to system-based, the previously clear industrial boundaries will become blurred. For example, traditional manufacturing companies may soon be able to compete as part of a larger automation industry.
Health: Allows Remote Surgery
The low latency of 5G will revolutionize the healthcare industry, especially in the operating room. Experienced surgeons can advise young colleagues or remotely control the surgical device via video link. You can be forgiven for thinking that this is impossible, but it has already happened.
In early 2019, China successfully performed the world’s first remote live surgery. An experienced surgeon implanted a stimulus device in the brain of a Parkinson’s patient. The almost instantaneous delay of 2 milliseconds allowed the operation to be performed as if it were near the patient, but in fact at a distance of 3,000 kilometers. The delay is reminiscent of an operation using a traditional wired monitor solution.
Autonomous Technology On The Road And Underground
Improving network latency will allow applications and devices to communicate in real time. This should reduce the safety concerns of autonomous vehicles and allow them to stay in touch with the ever-changing environment.
This, of course, will have a significant impact on mining operations, as Sandvik knows. Sandvik has already signed a deal with Nokia to further develop solutions based on private LTE and 5G technology, most of which will take place at the Sandvik test mine in Tampere, Finland.
“So far, we have focused on special LTE technology that offers speed, latency, reliability and privacy over Wi-Fi. It’s one of the technologies our customers want right now. ”Vilenius explains. The advantage of Sandvik’s focus on LTE is simple. (LTE means Long Term Evolution and not as much technology as 4G speeds)Customer There is a demand and when the time comes, the equipment can be easily upgraded to 5G.
Improved communication is required to actually use the information and add business value
This is because 5G is being used to expand and improve existing LTE networks instead of replacing them. However, telecommunications companies are facing significant investments. However, this fact may speed things up rather than delay the presentation.
Management consulting firm McKinsey & Company believes that the network sharing trend will accelerate and reduce the alarming costs associated with the introduction of 5G. Network sharing allows operators to share both active and passive equipment, improves network quality, and reduces overall ownership costs. “Simulations of one incident showed that by sharing a small 5G mobile application and creating a nationwide 5G IoT macro layer, operators can reduce investment in 5G by more than 40 percent,” the spokesman said.
Investigate Future Business Models
In addition to the Sandvik test mine, Finland also hosts important research. Aalto University’s Industrial Internet Campus is an interdisciplinary platform that provides a testing environment for future solutions for industry partners, including Sandvik’s partner Nokia.
Project areas include smart construction sites, optimization of energy use in smart buildings, and the factory of the future. The 5G Industrial Internet Meets (5G @ II) project explores how to provide a profitable, globally secure and secure foundation for the future 5G-driven industrial internet. In particular, the team aims to create a 5G service management system plan by testing it with real industrial use cases.
Travel to 5G
2G: Active wireless phone calls
3G: Activated mobile internet
4G: Applications that require active video streaming and constant connection
5G: The post-smartphone era of mobile communication
The basis of the 5G standard is low, medium and high range spectrum. There are two frequencies that 5G networks can operate: sub-6 GHz and millimeter wave (20-60 GHz).
Carriers were already using the sub-6 spectrum for existing LTE networks, and now they need more to set up 5G. Millimeter wavelengths were obsolete in the past, and the advent of 5G gave carriers access to a spectrum that would provide higher speeds than we expected with the new standard.