Through reports from reputable scientific journals and the world’s largest media, we have compiled a list of major innovations that shape the world’s technological landscape and shape our future.
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Top 10 technology trends of 2023
Lithium metal batteries
Lithium metal batteries have a chance to change the power balance in the car market. Energy density is equal to 1 kW / h per liter; this is about twice as much as lithium-ion batteries. According to the MIT Technology Review, electric cars charge much faster and, most importantly, charge 80% longer than lithium-ion batteries. Such figures remain after 800 laps.
The American startup QuantumScape (among investors – Bill Gates), which develops lithium metal batteries, conducted its first tests in December 2020. After successful tests, it has already signed a contract with Volkswagen, and Volkswagen will begin production of electric cars with these batteries. 2025.
Messenger RNA vaccines
RNA vaccination is one of the most advanced medical achievements of the last 20 years. There are now two vaccines created with this technology: Pfizer and Moderna. Both are anti-coronavirus.
Conventional vector vaccines contain attenuated or inactivated virus pathogens. MRNA vaccines target the body to produce a protein fragment of the causative agent, COVID-19, which immediately attacks the immune system. As a result, there is a strong immunity to the virus, the body becomes resistant to infection.
Matrix (information) RNAs are good because they are easy to modify for any new virus strain. They can also be used to fight infections (such as malaria), cancer, sickle cell disease, HIV and other serious diseases.
To date, the most advanced neural network based on NLP (ie text recognition algorithms) is GPT-3. It is a transformative neural network that can produce sequential responses in dialogue with humans. The amount of data and parameters it uses is 100 times more than the previous generation GPT-2.
However, even the most advanced transformers trained in a giant database do not understand the meaning of the words and phrases they produce. Their training requires a large amount of information and computing resources, which leaves a large carbon footprint. Another problem is the imperfection of data sets for teaching neural networks: texts on the Internet are often distorted, manipulated, and completely fake.
One of the most promising areas in the development of artificial intelligence and neural networks is the expansion of perception. Algorithms can now recognize images, faces, fingerprints, sounds and voices. They can also speak and create pictures and videos by imitating our different perceptions. MIT scientists say that artificial intelligence does not have the emotional intelligence and feelings to approach people. Unlike artificial intelligence, man can not only process information and publish ready-made solutions, but also take into account the context, many external and internal factors, and most importantly, move in uncertainty and changing environments. For example, DeepMind’s AlphaGo algorithm can beat the go and world chess champion, but it still can’t get its strategy off the board.
So far, even the most advanced algorithms, including GPT-3, are on the way. Developers now face the task of creating multimodal systems that combine text recognition and sensory perception to process information and find solutions.
Data protection according to the Data Trusts model
According to Accenture, the number of cyber attacks during the pandemic has increased significantly. In the first half of 2020 alone, 36 billion accounts and accounts were broken. We have started to store more information on the Internet, work online and use corporate services from our personal devices. As a result, many companies suffered from leaks and had to step up cybersecurity.
However, leaks can be caused not only by poor data protection, but also by an outdated collection and storage model. Data Trusts – a new approach that can change everything. In this case, a special trust fund is established, which stores and manages the information of individuals on their behalf and on their behalf.
WiFi 6 and 5G
New communication standards and wireless internet not only help to work remotely at high speeds from a single point, but also contribute to the development of the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence, making data transmission more secure.
The main advantages of 5G:
Improved mobile broadband: high-speed video streaming on social networks and online services with minimal signal transmission delay (total 1-2 ms);
Internet of Things: According to Accenture, 5G will be able to support up to 1 million devices per square kilometer;
Mission Critical Services. The new communication standard will ensure the smooth operation of autonomous drones or remote intensive care units.
With 5G, many employees will be able to work remotely on a regular basis, and companies will be able to make faster decisions based on flow analytics. From 2023 to 2025, the technology will bring $ 2.7 trillion and 16 million jobs to the US economy.
The new Wi-Fi 6 standard will add a new 6 GHz frequency to the existing 2.4 and 5 GHz frequencies. It has the same goals as 5G: it helps to speed up the Internet connection (up to 2 Gb / s for mobile devices), making it more stable and broadband – it will be possible to connect more devices to one point. In this case, the network itself will distribute Internet traffic between devices depending on its capacity.
support for new services and applications, including high-level services installed within the local network;
higher speed and level of service of available services (for example, video streaming in 8K);
ability to serve more customers in high-load environments;
Remote and wireless offices, including IoT devices.
According to a Deloitte survey, 86% of CEOs believe that improved wireless communication will change their organization within three years, while 79% say the same for their industries.
Cisco experts name the main benefits of Wi-Fi 6 for business:
According to The Verge, the first 316 million mobile devices with Wi-Fi 6E will appear in 2023. 5G and Wi-Fi 6 are expected to complement each other, instead of competing for tasks and device types.
Operators in Russia will spend more than 1.1 trillion rubles. For the development of 5G from 2023 to 2027. Active implementation will begin in 2024, but may change due to low demand. However, Wi-Fi 6 is unlikely to work: network frequencies are already engaged in fixed radio communications, and in the future they can be transmitted under 5G.
Virtual and augmented reality
According to statistics, in 2020, the AR and VR markets are estimated at $ 18.8 billion, three times more than in 2016. In 2019, PwC analysts forecast that the number of employees using VR and AR in their businesses will increase from 500,000 to 500,000. 23 million by 2030
Today, these technologies are used in healthcare – training surgeons or performing operations with diagnostic information in the form of holograms, and online consultation of doctors. In early February 2023, Microsoft MR launched an online broadcast of 12 mixed reality transactions. Surgeons from 13 countries were able to communicate and consult with each other online, seeing all the diagnostic information in the form of holograms.
At retail, AR allows you to test products, customize furniture before purchasing, and receive individualized offers. For example, toy manufacturer Mattel (Barbie dolls and others) uses augmented reality for Hot Wheels toy cars. Buyers can target their smartphones to a specific model to play on any surface:
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Using VR headphones at IKEA, you can imagine what your kitchen will look like with the selected furniture.
Enhanced and virtual reality in education helps to participate deeply in the process and model the classroom environment in detail. The technology is also used in corporate training. Tyson Foods, a global food company, uses VR to educate its employees about workplace safety. As a result, occupational injuries decreased by 20%.
Architects and designers present projects on a 1: 1 scale using virtual and augmented reality instead of traditional 3D images:
ThyssenKrupp Elevator, a supplier of transportation systems, escalators and elevators, has launched virtual reality rooms with demonstrations of urban transport solutions in Asia and the Middle East.
In the automotive industry, VR allows engineers to experiment with the design and construction of new models during the concept development phase. This approach is used in Hyundai, for example:
But the main areas where virtual and augmented reality are especially in demand are games and entertainment. In addition to VR games and simulations, there are all amusement parks in different countries that use virtual reality: for example, Europa-Park in Germany or VR Star in China.
The fastest-growing market for motion recognition devices – gloves for VR and AR – will grow over the next seven years: from 2023 to 2028, the market will grow by an average of 18% per year, according to Grand View Research.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, additional technologies became a viable alternative to traditional production, which required large investments and resources. Another major advantage is the significantly lower level of waste.
According to Grand View Research, the global 3D printing market is projected to reach $ 11.58 billion in 2019, and the average annual growth from 2020 to 2027 will be more than 14%. By 2027, there will be 8 million 3D printers in the world, which is about six times more than in 2018. 77% of them are industrial printers. With the help of 3D printing, they already produce clothes and shoes, interior items, mechanical parts and even prostheses. Many parts of the Rutherford engines mounted on the electron carrier rocket were printed in 3D.
In medicine and healthcare, 3D printers are used to print cables and other parts for medical equipment. Another amazing experience is 3D printing directly on the body to replace damaged or lost parts of human bones. A special biocompatible ink is used for this purpose.
Additional technologies are used in architecture: all frame houses are built of printed parts, which makes them cheaper than their traditional counterparts. The Guardian reports that an entire neighborhood has been built in the Coachella Valley, California. Real estate maker Mighty Buildings claims that it saves builders 95% of their time.
Now we are one step closer to using 3D printing to create the necessary objects on the lunar surface using lunar dust. This will greatly facilitate the colonization of the satellite: you will not have to deliver heavy loads and equipment there.
Green hydrogen is now part of a global strategy to reduce carbon footprint and switch to renewable energy sources. Along with electric cars, hydrogen engines are expected to be the main alternative to diesel cars.
“Green” hydrogen is produced in an environmentally friendly way without the use of nuclear energy and natural gas. The safest method is electrolysis when an electric current is passed through water. This will save 830 million tons of harmful carbon emissions per year and the results of environmentally friendly hydrogen production.
Now that the price of solar and wind energy is rapidly falling, there is a chance that hydrogen energy will be widely used. In this regard, Europe has begun to build the necessary infrastructure and produce on the basis of electrolysis.
The IEA (International Energy Agency) notes a record increase in electrolysis for green hydrogen production. He predicts that the price of hydrogen fuel will fall by at least 30% by 2030, and this fuel will be as affordable as other fuels.
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According to Allied Market Research, the hydrogen fuel cell car market will reach $ 42 billion by 2026 with a CAGR of 66.9%. This will boost the potential of technology, along with growing environmental problems and international initiatives to address them, as well as electric cars.
Hydrogen cars are already produced by Toyota, Honda, Hyundai, Audi, BMW, Ford, Nissan, Daimler. California will build 100 hydrogen filling stations and plans to increase the number of non-emission vehicles to 1.5 million by 2025.
Airbus has announced plans to accelerate the development of commercial hydrogen-powered jets and eliminate the use of hybrid engines. This means that the first zero-emission aircraft will be ready by 2035.
Computing as a service
Computing as a service (CaaS) or external computing is a global trend with Software as a Service (SaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS – Platform as a Service). A typical example of such a model is online games or online cinemas. You pay for the subscription, but the content itself is not stored with you, but is launched online on the service provider’s server.
Companies have access to cloud services to save on IT infrastructure and support and not overload the local network. This allows you to quickly deploy and test a new online service or software, deploy virtual PBXs and large databases. The pandemic has forced many to change their business models and redistribute IT resources to cloud services.
According to Grand View Research, the external computing market is estimated at $ 3.5 billion in 2019. It will increase to $ 43.4 billion by 2027. This, among other things, will help to widely adopt 5G and reduce signal delays up to 1ms. According to a survey by Analysys Mason, leading companies plan to spend 30% of their IT budgets on cloud computing in the coming years. Gartner estimates that by 2025, 75% of corporate data will be processed in this way. This is 7.5 times more than in 2018.
IDC estimates that 25% of companies will integrate external data with cloud applications by 2024, making them more flexible and sustainable. As a service, computing will be driven by machine learning and artificial intelligence. They help allocate and optimize power to ensure consistent processing speeds.
Voice search and voice assistants
Voice recognition in neural networks and NLP (neurolinguistic programming) have reached a stage where voice assistants can replace real people or text search. Google, Apple and Amazon are investing more and more resources in this area.
Today, we can do without text search: smart speakers and voice assistants search for the information we need, launch tracks and podcasts, build reminders, and dial numbers. Voice navigation is used to control drones, and voice chatbots replace live advisors and call center operators.
According to Google, 27% of people worldwide use voice assistants on smartphones. According to Adobe Analytics, 47% of smart speaker owners use smart speakers to make calls, 46% to listen to the news, and 34% to ask for an address or get directions. Google claims that 62% use smart columns to order products online.
AI voice assistants are getting smarter every year. In 2013, they were able to recognize 77% of spoken words, today it is 97%. For example, when Google’s RankBrain algorithm encounters a new search phrase, it predicts what a particular user is looking for and then returns the most relevant answers.
In March, the European Data Protection Council (EDPB) published guidelines for virtual voice assistants. The organization is concerned about how much information they use and whether their use complies with the GDPR. In particular, voice assistants are increasingly used for machine learning algorithms for voice recognition, biometric identification, and profile creation for targeted advertising.
11 1. Lithium metal batteries
2 2. Messenger RNA vaccines
3 3. GPT-3
4 4. Data protection according to the Data Trusts model
5 5. Wi-Fi 6 and 5G
6 6. Virtual and augmented reality
7 7. 3D printing
8 8. “Green” hydrogen
9 9. Computing as a service
10 10. Voice search and voice assistants